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Formulation, as a term, has the interesting distinction of relating to issues of both development

and reduction. Formulation can also be understood in terms of systemization. All of the artists

presented here address inherent aspects and dualities of form as subject: flatness vs.

dimensionality, the interior vs. exterior, reality vs. abstraction, construction vs. appropriation.

These works are made through a combination of processes, including photography, painting,

installation, assemblage, sculpture and optical illusion. If the centerpiece of sculpture is “the

form”, then this visual exchange of materials and methods brings us a vibrant overview of

contemporary approaches to form itself.
 

Sophia Chai ​is a photographer who explores space and depth as it is perceived through the

camera lens. The artist uses the floors and walls of her studio as a canvas of sorts, upon which

she directly paints the illusion of forms and perspectives. These warped and angled situations

are transformed through the camera’s placement to appear flat and straightforward. This playful

interaction with space draws the viewer closer and forces one to question and interpret what is

actually being seen.
 

Adam Frezza & Terri Chiao​ form the artistic team Chiaozza​and they work in a variety of

techniques. Their Paper Plant and Lump Nubbin works are playful interpretations of desert flora

that hover between nature and pure imagination. These brilliantly colorful sculptures are made

from an amalgam of materials: paper pulp, sculptamold, painted paper, acrylic paint and

concrete.
 

Tai Yin Ho​ is a sculptor who often combines disparate found materials into delicately balanced

mediations on the component’s shape, texture and possible uses. Intimate in scale, her

sculptures are often mixtures of natural materials, such as rocks, and mundane industrial fair,

such as packing foam and felt. This allows her to investigate a range of interpretations, not just

in terms of formal structural arrangements, but also of tactile sensibilities, positive and negative

space, time and strength.
 

Jon Pylypchuk​ is a mixed­media artist that is best known for his humorous depictions of

loveable losers. His characters often takes the form of anthropomorphized characters such as

cigarettes, furry critters and, in this case, a toilet. His multiple edition Untitled (published by Eric

Gero Editions) is representative of this aesthetic. A porcelain toilet reproduction has been given

googly lightbulb eyes, and sits upon a scaled­down shipping crate. Alluding to an earlier work,

the crate is sealed, and houses an original drawing by the artist that, due to its enclosure, will

never be seen. The work is also an homage to Marcel Duchamp’s famous “Fountain” sculpture,

and cleverly combines ideas of utility, interior and exterior space, and the repurposing of

material.
 

Ivan Stojakovic​ also combines materials, often cardboard, drywall, colorful plexiglas and live

succulent plants. His work exists somewhere between painting and sculpture, and between

life­sustaining and deconstructive systems. Stojakovic’s landscapes are at times literally that,

based on topographical features, water systems, etc. At other times what we see is a purely

abstract experiment, where the emphasis is a balance between a forms surface, the interior

space, and the artist’s interventions that unite the two.
 

Sculpture Space NYC​ is ceramics and sculpture center founded by artists Magda Dejose​and

Andrew Kennedy​to foster creativity, concept and collaboration. SSNYC offers the space,

equipment and advanced education to allow artists to explore and expand their work. In

addition, SSNYC offers a range of classes, lectures, workshops, artist residencies and ongoing

exhibition program.